Elements Affecting Water Quality



The hardness of your water is determined by the amount of Calcium and Magnesium carbonates existing in the water.  In the Central Valley of California, the water is generally hard to very hard.





When the calcium and magnesium carbonates combine with soap, an insoluble (meaning it will not dissolve) substance forms and deposits inside of fixtures, appliances, and pipes.






pH indicates acidity or alkalinity of water.  It ranges from 0 to 14 where 0-6.9 is acidic and 7.1-14 is alkaline.

If the pH of water is 6.9 or below, corrosion begins.  As an example, a pH of 6.0 is 10 times as corrosive as a 7.0 pH, and a pH of 5.0 is 100 times as corrosive as a 7.0 pH.  Copper pipes corrode and are stained blue when the pH is on lower acidic side of 6.5 pH.




Iron is a common element found in ground water.  It is measured in concentrations rangin from 10 to 10 ppm (mg/l).  When the level of iron in the water is above 0.3 ppm, the taste of the water and a reddish staining, i.e., in sinks and toilets, will occur according to the U.S. Public Health Service Drinking Water Standards.





Sulfur and Other Chemicals in Water

Other chemicals may exist in your water which affects your water’s taste as well as adding to the corrosion of your fixtures, appliances, and pipes.  Sulfur is a colorless gas which smells like rotten eggs.  Hydrogen sulfide is a weak acid and causes corrosion.  In the air, it tarnishes silver in a matter of seconds.  Chlorine tastes and smells bad as well as being harmful to your body.


Total Water Conditioning by the WaterMAX® Can Treat all these problems.

Call us now at (209) 527-6764 for your free water quality test.